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FTP (File Transfer Protocol) allows a user to transfer files to/from a remote network site.


Topics: Basic Order of Operations | Commands | Example Screen Shots

Click to download this tutorial in PDF format!

Basic Order of Operations: 1. Change to your local directory where most (if not all) of the files you will be transferring are kept.
2. Open a connection to the remote host via the ftp command.
3. Once connected to the remote host, change to the directory (cd command) where the files are that you are going to get or to the location where you are going to put files.
4. Set the transfer mode (ascii or binary).
5. Transfer the files (get, mget, put, mput).
6. Repeat steps 1, 3, 4, 5 as necessary.
7. Exit ftp with the bye command.


  • ftp [host] - open an ftp session with the specified host machine.
        C:\> ftp neserve0
        C:\> ftp
  • open [host] - Establish a connection to the specified host when you're already at an ftp prompt.
        ftp> open neserve0
        ftp> open
  • user [username] - Log into an ftp server when you're already connected in an ftp session.
        ftp> user dlozinsk
        ftp> user anonymous
  • ls [remote-directory] - Print a listing of the contents of remote-directory on the remote machine. The listing includes any system-dependent information that the server chooses to include.
        ftp> ls
        ftp> ls /usr/local/bin
  • dir [remote-directory] [local-file] - Print a listing of the contents in the directory remote-directory, and optionally, placing the output in local-file.
        ftp> dir
        ftp> dir /usr/local/bin
  • help [command] - Print an informative message about the meaning of command. If no argument is given, ftp prints a list of the known commands.
        ftp> help
        ftp> help dir
  • ? - synonym for help.
        ftp> ?
        ftp> ? dir
  • pwd - Print the name of the current working directory on the remote machine.Often times this includes printing the full path.
        ftp pwd>
  • cd [remote-directory] - Change the working directory on the remote machine to remote-directory.
        ftp> cd /tmp
        ftp> cd ../..
  • lcd [directory] - Change the working directory to directory on the local machine. If no directory is specified, the user's home directory is used.
        ftp> lcd c:\temp
        ftp> lcd ../..
  • ascii - Set the file transfer type to ASCII . Only use this transfer method for text-files. That is, files ending in .txt, html files, and/or perl programs.
        ftp> ascii
  • binary - Set the file transfer type to support binary file transfer. Use this transfer method for anything other than a textfile. For example, Word documents, pdf files, gifs, jpgs, java class files, etc.
        ftp> binary
  • put [local-file] - Put (upload) local-file to the remote machine. No wildcards!
        ftp> put index.html
        ftp> put test.txt
  • get [remote-file] - Retrieve (download) remote-file and store it on the local machine. No wildcards! Can only get one file at a time.
        ftp> get index.html
        ftp> get /tmp/readme.txt
  • mput [local-files] - Expand wild cards in the list of local-files given as arguments and do a put for each file in the resulting list. The list of files should be separated by spaces.
        ftp> mput *
        ftp> mput *.html
        ftp> mput *.html test.txt README
  • mget [multiple files and/or wildcards] - Expand wild cards in the list of remote files given as arguments and do a get for each file in the resulting list. The list of files should be separated by spaces.
        ftp> mget *
        ftp> mget *.gif
        ftp> mget *.doc image.gif salaries*
  • prompt - Toggle interactive prompting. Interactive prompting occurs during multiple file transfers to allow the user to selectively retrieve or store files. If prompting is turned off, any mget or mput will transfer all files, and any mdelete will delete all files.
        ftp> prompt
  • bell - Arrange that a bell be sounded after each file transfer command is completed.
        ftp> bell
  • delete [remote-file] - Delete the remote-file on the remote machine.
        ftp> delete test.doc
        ftp> delete /tmp/temporary_file.txt
  • mkdir [new-directory-name] - create a directory new-directory-name on the remote machine.
        ftp> mkdir temp
        ftp> mkdir /tmp/dave
  • rmdir [directory-name] - Delete the directory entitled directory-name on the remote machine.
        ftp> rmdir temporary_directory
        ftp> rmdir /tmp/test_dir
  • rename [old-file-name] [new-file-name] - Rename the file old-file-name on the remote machine, to the file new-file-name.
        ftp> rename index.htm homepage.html
        ftp> rename /tmp/readme.txt /tmp/README_NOW.txt
  • bye - Terminate the FTP session with the remote server and exit ftp. On Unix, an end of file should also terminate the session and exit.
        ftp> bye
  • quote site chmod xxx [file name] - Change the permission modes of the file file-name on the remote system to xxx mode. Note that the chmod command is not always implemented.
  • get [file-name] “|more” - Instead of downloading and saving the file file-name on the local machine, you view its contents. Only recommended to use with text files.
notatki/informatyka/ftp.txt · Last modified: 2019/03/21 13:06 (external edit)